Lehigh University
Lehigh Universiy

You are here

Keith M. Gardiner

Professor Emeritus, Director of the Center for Manufacturing Systems Engineering (CMSE) and Professor, Industrial and Systems Engineering

Appointed to Lehigh Faculty: 1989


  • B.Sc., 1953; PhD., 1957; Metallurgy
  • University of Manchester, England

Teaching Areas:

  • Manufacturing Systems and Technologies including Management
  • Organization, Quality, Planning, Control and Sustainability
  • Materials Science
  • Microelectronics Manufacturing, or Micromanufacturing Technologies

Research and Scholarship Areas:

  • Manufacturing Systems (Materials, Processes, Equipment, Facilities, Logistics, People, and their integration)
  • Design and Innovation in Organizations, Products and Systems
  • Environmental and Social Systems
  • Design and Management Systems
  • Industrial Archaeology, and Futures Forecasting
  • Microelectronics and associated manufacturing
  • Curriculum Development, education of the future workforce

Honors, Awards, and Professional Society Memberships:

  • Engineer of the Year, Engineers Week 2004 - Pennsylvania Society of Professional Engineers, Lehigh Valley Chapter on behalf of the Lehigh Valley Engineering Council.
  • Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Joseph A. Siegel Service Award for significant and unique contributions to benefit the Society, 2003.
  • Society of Manufacturing Engineers, College of Fellows, 1993.
  • Phi Beta Delta, International Honor Society (1992) [President Beta Pi Lehigh Chapter (1994-5)].
  • Sigma Xi, Scientific Research Society (1974) [Chair Lehigh Univ. Chap. (1997-8; 2006-7)].
  • US Senate Productivity Improvement Award 1983-4, member IBM Manufacturing Technology Institute team.
  • Fulbright Fellowship, review UK Design Management curricula, Fall 1987.
  • Leader, study of business and industry in Pakistan on behalf of US State Department, Agency of International Development, 1983.
  • Registered Professional Engineer - Manufacturing Engineering, (PE) State of California, 1978.
  • Certified Manufacturing Engineer, CMfgE, Material Removal, 1972-5; Electrical/Electronics Manufacturing 1975 - life renewal 1990 [Society of Manufacturing Engineers].
  • Society of Manufacturing Engineers
  • Chair, East Coast Region 3, 2003
  • International Vice-President 1999, Secretary/Treasurer 2000.
  • International Director 1992-93, 1995-96, 2001-2.
  • Member various chapter and international councils and committees, 1972-2007.
  • Future City Competition Advisory Board (Engineers' Week) 2000-2009.
  • National Engineers Week Steering Committee, SME representative 2002 and 2003.
  • Engineers' Club of the Lehigh Valley, chair 2004-7.
  • Lehigh Valley Engineering Council, Chair 1997-8.
  • Member American Society of Mechanical Engineers, Society of Manufacturing Engineers and the Engineers' Club of the Lehigh Valley.
  • North American Editor, Journal of Electronics Manufacturing 1991-2003.
  • Associate Editor, Journal of Manufacturing Systems since 1984.
  • Associate Editor, Journal of Manufacturing Processes since 1999.

Prior Experience:

  • Section Leader, Nuclear Fuel Materials Dev. English Electric Co. Ltd., Whetstone, UK
  • Manufacturing Methods Dev. Rolls-Royce Aero Engine Div., Derby, UK
  • IBM (UK) Ltd., Manufacturing Research Lab., Hursley; transfer to IBM Technology Div. VT; parallel assignments as prof. of Mechanical Eng. , Univ. of VT, and Southern Univ., LA; subsequently IBM Corporate, Manufacturing Technology Institute.

Representative Publications (some co-authored*):

  • "Professional Education for the 21st Century Workforce," Proceedings, ASEE 2014 Zone 1 Conference, University of Bridgeport, CN, April 3-5, Paper 81.
  • "Virtual and Collaborative Project-Based Learning," Proceedings, ASEE Northeast Section Conference, University of Massahusetts Lowell, April 27-28, 2012.
  • "Engineering Education OR Just Education," Proceedings, "Engineering Education for the Next Decade" ASEE Mid-Atlantic Section, Fall Conferenc 2011, October 28-29, Temple Univ., PA.
  • Embedding Sustainability into the Engineering Curriculum, Fall 2010 Mid-Atlantic ASEE Conference, Villanova University, October 15-16, 2010.
  • The Development of the First Year Engineering Experience w. Jaime D. Alava, Fall 2010 Mid-Atlantic ASEE Conference, Villanova University, October 15-16, 2010.
  • Book chapter: Handbook ot Technology Management, Wiley, edited by Hossein Bidgoli, Vol. 1, Ch. 74, "Manufacturing Systems Engineering," pp. 1029-1042, January 2010. ISBN 978-0-470-24947-5.
  • Working paper 09T-012 based on an after dinner speech to the Second Manufacturing Education Forum: Moving Forward - "Globalization - A Vision of a New World," Farmingdale State College (SUNY), Nov. 14, 2008, accessible online.
  • "The Pedagogic and Technological Evolution of a Manufacturing Systems Engineering (MSE) Graduate Program", Paper 1561, Proceedings, 38th ASEE/IEEE Frontiers in Education Conference, Oct. 23-25, 2008, Saratoga Springs, NY (cd).
  • Book chapter: Environmentally Conscious Manufacturing, Wiley, pp.343, edited by Myer Kutz, ISBN 978-0-471-72637-1, 2007, Chapter 3, pp. 79-94, "Organization, Management and Improvement of Manufacturing Systems." (March 2007).
  • "The Future City Competition - A Successful STEM Experience for Middle School Students," Proceedings, ASEE New England Section, Spring Meeting, University of Rhode Island, April 21, 2007.
  • "Discovery, Learning and Research in a Classroom Factory," Proceedings, ASEE Mid-Atlantic Section Fall Conference, Temple University, 2007 (CD).
  • "Manufacturing Globalization and Human Factors," w. co-authors Schlie, T. E. (LU) and Webster, N. D. (GM), FAIM 2006, 16th. International Conference on Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing, pp. 1119-1123, Volume 2, June 26-28, 2006, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland, ISBN 1874653933.
  • "Ethics: Bringing Reality to First Year Engineers," Proceedings, ASEE Mid-Atlantic Section Spring Meeting, Brooklyn, April 29, 2006.
  • "Manufacturing: The Future," Proceedings 16th National Manufacturing Week 2006, Rosemont, IL - The Future of Engineering and Manufacturing, Design Engineering Session 2D21, March 21, 2006.
  • "The Evolving Production Enterprise," Proceedings, 18th International Conference on Production Research, Salerno Italy, August, 2005.
  • "Global Education for Manufacturing-An International Curriculum," w. Ingrid Hunt et al, Proceedings, Intelligent Manufacturing Systems Conference, Como, Italy, May 2004 (CD).
  • "Knowledge-base requirements for the future workforce," w. Seray Ozturk, Proceedings, ASEE Mid-Atlantic Section Spring Conference, Engineering Student Retention in the 21st Century, Raritan Valley Community College - April 23-24, 2004 (CD).
  • "Developing a Practical Engineering Experience for First Year Students," w. Seray Ozturk, Proceedings, ASEE Mid-Atlantic Section Spring Conference, Engineering Student Retention in the 21st Century, Raritan Valley Community College - April 23-24, 2004 (CD).
  • "Future Directions for Manufacturing," Proceedings, R3MEMCON, SME East Coast Region 3 Annual Conference, Lehigh University, October 10-11, 2003 (CD). Amended version delivered to a seminar, Intelligent Manufacturing Systems - Global Education for Manufacturing (IMS-GEM), Tokyo, Nov. 1st, 2003, published in proceedings.
  • "An Overview of Sustainability," Proceedings, R3MEMCON, SME East Coast Region 3 Annual Conference, Lehigh University, October 10-11, 2003 (CD).
  • "An International Curriculum Development Project: Global Education for Manufacturing," Proceedings, ASEE Mid-Atlantic Section Spring Conference, Global Impact of Internet on Education, Kean University, NJ April 12, 2003 (CD).
  • "Management Strategies for Sustainable Manufacturing," published in Proceedings of the Seventh International Pacific Conference on Manufacturing, November 27-29, 2002, Bangkok, Thailand, Volume 1, pp. 13-22.
  • "Production Paradigms & Paradoxes," 2002 ASME International Mechanical Engineering Conference, IMECE2002, New Orleans, LA, November 17-22, 2002, Paper #33269.
  • "Education for Future Manufacturing," Proceedings CIRP International Manufacturing Education Conference; CIMEC-2002, University of Twente, Enschede, The Netherlands, April 3-5, 2002 ISBN 90-365-17346 pp. 359-366.
  • "The Olympic Games: An Organizational Planning and Control Research Project," Proceedings of the 2002 American Society for Engineering Education Annual Conference & Exposition, Multimedia Session Number #2793.
  • "A Prognosis for Manufacturing with a Proposed Taxonomy," International Conference on Production Research, ICPR-16, Prague, Summer 2001, paper #0303 pub. in proc. (CD).
  • "Organizational Planning and Control as an Undergraduate Research Experience," ASEE MidAtlantic Section, Spring Conference, April 2001.
  • "Manufacturing - A Redefinition for the 21st Century," Proc. 2000 Pacific Conf. on Manufacturing, Lawrence Tech. Univ., Sept. 2000, pp. 24-33.*
  • "Implementation of Man-Machine Interface (MMI) for Job Shop Production Environment," CIRP-Journal of Manufacturing Systems, Vol. 29, No. 4, 1999, pp. 339-343.*
  • "Competing in a Global Manufacturing Environment," Preface to Proceedings, CMSE, Lehigh University, 13th Conference with Industry, 1999.
  • "The Electronics Design & Manufacturing Infrastructure - Future Limits," Proc. 13th Conference with Industry, CMSE, Lehigh Univeristy, May 1999, pp. 67-78.*
  • "Change: The Challenge for Education in Manufacturing," Manufacturing Education for the 21st Century, Vol. V, SME, 1998, pp. 15-22.
  • "Globalization, Integration, Fractal Systems and Dichotomies – A 2020 Vision," Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing 1998, Proc. 8th Int. FAIM Conf., Begell House Inc., New York, 1998, pp. 15-27.
  • "Manufacturing Processes for the 21st Century," Preface to Proceedings, CMSE, Lehigh University, 12th Conference with Industry, 1998.
  • "Strategic Technologies for Global Manufacturing," Preface to Proceedings, CMSE, Lehigh University, 11th Conference with Industry, 1997.
  • "Projection for a 300mm. Wafer Fab. in 2001," Proc. 19th IEEE/CPMT Int. Elec. Mfg. Tech. Symp., 1996, pp.141-151.*
  • "Developing, Testing and Deployment of a Low Cost Via Drilling Process for Printed Wire Board Manufacture," Proceedings SME NAMRI Conference, May, 1996.*
  • "An Argument for Empowered Learning," Proceedings, ASEE Mid-Atlantic Section Regional Conference, 1996.
  • "Education for the Future," Proceedings Int. Conference on Education in Manufacturing, Manufacturing Education for the 21st. Century, SME, San Diego, March, 1996, pp.103-107.
  • "An Integrated Design Strategy For Future Manufacturing Systems," J. Manufacturing Systems, Vol. 15, No. 1, Jan., 1996, pp. 52-61.
  • "Some Factors Affecting Future Production Environments," Flexible Automation and Intelligent Manufacturing (FAIM'95), Conference Proceedings, Begell House, Inc., NY, 1995, pp.1146-1153.
  • "Industry Lead Graduate Education - the Evolution of a Manufacturing Systems Engineering Program," Proceedings, Shaping our World - Century II, Centennial Meeting, Gulf-Southwest Section ASEE, Southern University-Baton Rouge, LA, 1994, Vol. 1, pp. 302-311. Re-published in "Manufacturing Education for the 21st. Century," Volume I, Curricula 2002 Report, pp. N1-10, SME, 1995.
  • "Globally Ideal Manufacturing Systems: Characteristics & Requirements", Flexible Automation and Integrated Manufacturing (FAIM'93), Conference Proceedings, Part II, Computer Integrated Manufacturing Systems, MIA: CIM Strategy, pp. 67-77, CRC Press, 1993.
  • "Management Structures for Realization of High Productivity", Proceedings, Int. Conf. on Productivity & Quality Research (ICPQR-93), Vol. 1, Industrial Eng., & Management Press (IIE), 1993, pp. 237-246.
  • "Global Logistics Support Planning for Manufacturing," with M.U. Thomas, G.R. Wilson, FAIM 92 Second International Conference on Flexible Automation & Information Management, Virginia.
  • "Design: Organization and Measurement." Chapter in Handbook of Design Management, Basil Blackwood, Oxford (1990).
  • "Global Manufacturing for the Future," Sociedade Brasileira de Comando Numerico, 4a. Jornada Internacional de Automatizacao Industrial, 4th International Journey on Industrial Automatization, SOBRACON, Sao Paulo, Brazil, 1988, Vol II of Proceedings, pp. 28.01-28.14.
  • Systems and Technology for Advanced Manufacturing, editor, Society of Manufacturing Engineers, Manufacturing Up-Date Series, 1983 (includes article).
  • "Computer decides conditions for minimum cost machining," Metalworking Production, McGraw-Hill (UK), Dec. 8, Vol. 109, No. 49, 1965, pp. 61-64.
  • "Predicting Cutting-Tool Performance," Production Technology, Iliffe Production Publications Ltd., re-print from magazine for Rolls-Royce Limited, Aero Engine Division, April 1963.
  • "The Plastic Deformation of Alpha-Uranium," Journal of Nuclear Materials, Vol. 2, No. 3 (1960), pp. 234-247, North-Holland Publishing Co., Amsterdam.